Galatians 5:22-23  But the fruit of the Spirit is: love, joy, peace, long-suffering, kindness, goodness, faith, 23  meekness, self-control; against such things there is no law.

Goodness - The state of being good; the physical qualities which constitute value, excellence or perfection; as the goodness of timber; the goodness of a soil.

1. The moral qualities which constitute christian excellence; moral virtue; religion.

The fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, long-suffering, gentleness, goodness, faith. Gal 5.

2. Kindness; benevolence; benignity of heart; but more generally, acts of kindness; charity; humanity exercised. I shall remember his goodness to me with gratitude.

3. Kindness; benevolence of nature; mercy.

The Lord God--abundant in goodness and truth. Exo 34.

4. Kindness; favor shown; acts of benevolence, compassion or mercy.

Jethro rejoiced for all the goodness which Jehovahhad done to Israel. Exo 18.



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Goodness - This word in the Old Testament is the translation of ṭōbh (Exo_18:9; Psa_16:2, the Revised Version (British and American) “good”; Psa_23:6), etc.; of ṭūbh (Exo_33:19; Psa_31:19; Jer_31:14; Hos_3:5), etc.; of ḥeṣedh (Exo_34:6), “abundant in goodness,” the English Revised Version “plenteous in mercy,” the American Standard Revised Version “abundant in loving kindness”; “The goodness of God endureth continually,” the Revised Version (British and American) “mercy,” the American Standard Revised Version “loving kindness” (Psa_52:1), etc.
In the New Testament it is the translation of cḥrēstótēs (“usefulness,” benignity); “the riches of his goodness” (Rom_2:4; Rom_11:22, thrice); of cḥrēstós (“useful,” “benign,” “kind,” in Luk_6:35); “The goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance” (Rom_2:4); of agathōsúnē (found only in the New Testament and Septuagint and writings based thereon), “full of goodness.” (Rom_15:14); “gentleness, goodness, faith” (Gal_5:22); “in all goodness and righteousness and truth” (Eph_5:9); “all the good pleasure of his goodness,” the Revised Version (British and American) “every desire of goodness.” (2Th_1:11).
The thought of God as good and the prominence given to “good” and “goodness” are distinctive features of the Bible. In the passage quoted above from Gal_5:22, “goodness” is one of the fruits of the indwelling Spirit of God, and in that from Eph_5:9 it is described as being, along with righteousness and truth, “the fruit of the light” which Christians had been “made” in Christ. Here, as elsewhere, we are reminded that the Christian life in its truth is likeness to God, the source and perfection of all good. 2Th_1:11 regards God Himself as expressing His goodness in and through us. See GOOD; GOOD, CHIEF.